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Role of Botanic Conservation Gardens

Today we are losing plant diversity at an unprecedented rate leading to a concerning decrease in the ecosystem, this is mainly a result of destructive human activities. Humans are the primary contributors to the destruction of the ecosystem because of engaging in vicious activities without being honest with their environmental concerns, some of these destructive activities include but not limited to include urbanization, poor forestry practices, over-harvesting, land-use changes, global environmental changes and use of exotic species. There are a variety of roles plants plays to contribute to our healthy and comfortable living, plants are our main source of nutrients, oxygen, medicine and home to millions of animal species, therefore, we need to develop an integrative conservation approach that ensures we protect and maintain them especially the endangered plant species. To ensure survival and protection of endangered plant species, universities, research institutions, and private entities have turned on botanic gardens which plays a central role in protection and conservation of these plant species both for human and research purpose. Botanic gardens are playing a significant role in changing the world in a variety of ways, to learn more about them continue reading this article.

One thing is the benefits of botanical gardens to human, today there is an estimated 2500 plants botanical gardens in the world with more than 6 millions accessions of living plants which is about one-quarter of vascular plant species on earth, therefore, these plant botanical gardens plays a central role in ex-situ conservation and exploration of the global plant diversity.

The other role of botanical gardens is in scientific research, botanical gardens serve as a taxonomic research center, researchers also find plant botanical gardens important in providing valuable plant ecology data such as a phenological indication of climate change, collection of data that can help them assess plant-animal interactions, data relating to plant physiology among other important data. Because of the variety of species plant botanic conservation have it make them a good location for many researchers to study plant functional characteristics such as trade-offs between species traits and plant performance.

Plant botanic conservation are important in/ex situ conservation and utilization, given that there estimated 6 million accessions in botanical gardens with over 80 thousand plant species it provides an excellent opportunity to understand the threatened species, furthermore the ex-situ conservation which means conservation of biological diversity from their natural habitat has contributed greatly in protection, maintaining and support of threatened plant species. Those are some major roles of plant botanic conservation gardens, however, they are also involved in spreading awareness to the public about threatened plant species and the importance of protecting the earth’s plant cover.

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